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Trademark Classes

When You Want More

Trademark classes are categories used to identify goods and services by the United States Patent and Trademark Office. There are 45 classes—34 for goods and 11 for services. A trademark can belong to multiple classes, with each classification protecting the mark in relation to different facets of the brand it promotes.

Below, we define each of the 45 classes and answer related questions.

The Importance of Trademark Classes
What Are the 45 Trademark Classes?
Trademark Classes FAQs

Why Are Trademark Classes Important?

Trademark classes are important for a couple main reasons:

  • Your mark will only be protected under the class(es) identified in your trademark application. Let’s say you register the name of your natural makeup company, Golden Hour, in class 3, which includes cosmetics. If you later begin selling makeup brushes (class 21), the brushes would not be protected under your existing trademark. To protect the brushes, a new application would need to be filed. But, if you sold makeup and brushes right from the start, you could apply to register under both classes in the same application (for an additional fee).
  • Trademark classes help determine if a likelihood of confusion exists between marks. While identical marks can coexist, this is only true in cases where the products/services are completely unrelated. Trademark classes help discover whether or not there’s overlap. But this system isn’t foolproof. Similar marks in the same class could represent distinct goods/services. Likewise, similar marks in different classes could promote related goods/services. Research is key.

Listing the wrong class is a major problem people encounter when applying for a trademark. With our Trademark Service, we take that worry off your plate.

What Are the 45 Trademark Classes?

The 45 trademark classes are relatively broad, and can encompass seemingly unrelated products or services. Note that goods and services are never placed in the same class, with goods residing in classes 1-34 and services in classes 35-45.

Below, we’ve described each class and provided examples of the types of things identified within each class. Our examples are not exhaustive, but will give you a good starting point. See the USPTO’s class list and descriptions to dive even deeper.

Classes 1-34: Goods

Three test tubes each filled with green, yellow, and red chemicals, respectively.

Class 1: Chemicals

Class 1 focuses on chemicals used in science and agriculture. Many goods in this class are used to make other products. Examples include certain preservatives, ingredients in medicine and makeup, compost and fertilizer, and fire extinguishing compositions.

Paint can with blue paint dripping down the side next to tubes of yellow and green paint.

Class 2: Paints

Class 2 includes paint and paint-related products, such as varnish, colorants, and wood stain. Other examples include ink for printing, food dye, clothing dye, and raw natural resin.

Pink lipstick next to a compact with four makeup colors ranging from beige to dark brown.

Class 3: Cosmetics & Cleaning Products

Class 3 contains makeup and toiletries, deodorant, perfume and essential oils, then veers off into cleaning products such as bleach, laundry detergent, and sandpaper. Interestingly, nail art stickers are a specific inclusion of class 3.

A red gas can with gasoline dripping from the nozzle and pooling underneath.

Class 4: Lubricants & Fuels

Class 4 contains raw wax, electrical energy, gasoline, and industrial oils/greases. Candles and wicks are included (if used for lighting), as is wood (if used for fuel).

A red first aid kit next to a blue pill bottle, both featuring the first aid cross.

Class 5: Pharmaceuticals

Class 5 encompasses medication and medical preparations for both humans and animals. Additional examples include sanitary preparations, baby food, vitamins, plaster for casts, fungicides/herbicides, diapers, and pads/tampons.

Three metal beams stacked in a pyramid next to scattered nails, bolts, and nuts.

Class 6: Metal Goods

Class 6 focuses on common metals, especially those that are unprocessed or partially processed, as well as their alloys and ores. Plenty of items made from common metal fall into this class, such as swimming pools, prefabricated houses, nails, screws, metal wires, railway tracks, and art. Some metal goods live in other classes based on their function or purpose.

A blue and yellow robotic arm in a raised, half bent position.

Class 7: Machinery

Class 7 primarily includes machines and machine tools. Motors and engines are included in this class, excluding those used for land vehicles. Note that parts of land-vehicle motors, such as mufflers and cylinders, are included. Other class 7 examples include egg incubators, automatic vending machines, 3D printers, industrial robots, and bulldozers.

Wrench, screwdriver, nails, and hammer inside an open red tool box, with a tape measure in the foreground.

Class 8: Hand Tools

Class 8 includes hand tools typically used for drilling, shaping, cutting, piercing, and grooming. Examples include gardening and landscaping tools, hammers, chisels, razors, curling irons, and cutlery.

A blue and black laboratory microscope with a single eyepiece.

Class 9: Electrical & Scientific Apparatus

Class 9 is extremely broad, covering equipment used for science and research, navigation, photography, technology, and safety. Instruments for conducting, controlling, and transmitting electricity are included, as are computers and computer software. Class 9 also includes resuscitation mannequins, bullet-proof vests, glasses/contact lenses, magnets, e-cigarette batteries, AI robots, and phone cases.

Large molar tooth next to two metal dental instruments.

Class 10: Medical Apparatus

Class 10 primarily includes surgical, medical, and dental instruments. Artificial limbs and teeth are in class 10, as are compression socks, pacemakers, condoms, operating tables, breast implants, menstrual cups, and orthopedic shoes.

A brown-mantel fireplace with logs and a fire inside and a blue rug at the base.

Class 11: Environmental Control Apparatus

Class 11 encompasses products used to light, heat, cool, cook, dry, and ventilate. Goods related to sanitation and water supply are also included. Class 11 examples include air conditioners, bakers’ ovens, domestic fireplaces, electric coffee makers, street lamps, bathtubs, toilets, electrically heated clothes, headlights, fountains, and tanning beds.

Stack of three black car tires next to a metal boat propeller.

Class 12: Vehicles

Class 12 focuses on vehicles used to transport people and goods across land, air, or water. Also included in this class are certain vehicle parts, such as motors/engines for land vehicles, bumpers, steering wheels, propellers, and tires.

Two fireworks, one with a blue base and one with green, exploding yellow stars and stripes.

Class 13: Firearms

Class 13 is fairly specific, including firearms, explosives, and pyrotechnics. Specific examples of class 13 goods include fireworks, flares, pepper spray, ammunition, and hunting rifles.

A diamond, sapphire, and ruby next to a silver mechanical watch with a blue strap.

Class 14: Jewelry

Class 14 focuses on jewelry, precious metals and alloys, and precious/semi-precious stones. Note that jewelry made without precious material is also included. Mechanical watches and clocks are part of class 14, as are key chains and jewelry boxes.

Wooden acoustic guitar next to a drum with horizontal red and yellow stripes and two levitating drumsticks.

Class 15: Musical Instruments

Class 15 includes musical instruments from pianos to trombones to drums. Accessories and parts such as music stands, reeds, strings, and rosin are also included. While electronic instruments are part of class 15, many electronic music accessories (like subwoofers, pedals, and recording devices) belong to other classes.

Stack of white computer paper behind a brown paper bag, roll of paper towels, and three paper clips.

Class 16: Paper Goods & Printed Matter

Class 16 includes most types of paper and cardboard, as well as some art and office supplies. Printed photographs, bookbinding material, paperclips, wrapping paper, paintbrushes, papier mâché art, pens, cellophane tape, and paper towels are all examples of class 16 goods.

A coiled green hose next to one blue rubber tube and one grey rubber tube.

Class 17: Rubber Goods

Class 17 encompasses unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, plastic for manufacture use, insulating materials, and rubber substitutes. Other goods in class 17 include non-metal pipes, tubes, and hoses, foam for flower arrangements, and rubber padding.

A brown leather purse next to a brown dog collar and a brown wallet with a green credit card inside.

Class 18: Leather Goods

Class 18 contains leather, faux leather, and some goods made of these materials. Examples of leather goods that fall under class 18 include luggage, saddles, dog collars, purses, wallets, and backpacks. It’s worth noting that while animal clothes fall under class 18, human clothes do not.

Three wood beams stacked in a pyramid behind a grey block that says CEMENT 25 KG in red lettering.

Class 19: Non-Metallic Building Materials

Class 19 includes construction and building materials that are not made of metal, such as semi-worked wood beams, asphalt, marble, building glass, and gravel. Other specific goods that belong to class 19 are wood veneers, headstones, and transportable buildings.

A dark blue big-cushioned arm chair.

Class 20: Furniture & Articles Not Otherwise Classified

Class 20 includes furniture and a variety of homegoods, especially those made out of wood, cork, wicker, amber, and plastic. Mirrors and picture frames are part of this class, as are mattresses, pillows, window blinds, and camp chairs. Notably, metal furniture is included in class 20, and not in other metal-related classes.

Stack of three off-white bowls behind a light blue stovetop kettle and a wooden serving spoon.

Class 21: Housewares & Glass

Class 21 focuses on small goods for use in the home and kitchen. Items such as fly swatters, mixing spoons, ladles, vases, stovetop kettles, pots and pans, and cocktail shakers are in this class. (Cutlery lives elsewhere.) Additional class 21 examples include toothbrushes, combs, makeup brushes, gardening gloves, and watering cans.

Green A-frame tent with a coil of brown rope at the base.

Class 22: Cordage & Fibers

Class 22 includes materials like canvas, raw or treated wool, raw silk, and jute. Goods in this class are primarily made from these natural fibers, as well as some synthetic materials. Examples include rope, nets, hammocks, tents, sails, awnings, and mail bags.

A spool of yellow thread and a spool of red thread behind two balls of green and blue yarn.

Class 23: Yarns & Threads

Class 23 is narrow and specific, encompassing yarn and thread for use in textiles. Natural yarn/thread such as spun silk, spun cotton, and spun wool are included in class 23, as are synthetic threads made from fiberglass, elastic, rubber, and plastic.

A pin cushion and measuring tape on top of unfolded yellow fabric and a stack of green and blue fabric, with blue fabric swatches in the foreground.

Class 24: Fabrics

Class 24 includes fabrics and textiles. Specific fabric goods in class 24 are curtains, bed sheets, towels, sleeping bags, and mosquito nets.

A blue polo shirt, yellow patterned dress, and green t-shirt on hangers.

Class 25: Clothing

Class 25 is all about clothes, shoes, and headwear (those made for humans, specifically). Everyday wearables are included in class 25, as are specialty items like soccer cleats, bike shorts, and ski boots.

Christmas-themed artificial green garland in a vague S shape with red bobbles and yellow stars.

Class 26: Fancy Goods

Class 26 focuses on adornment and decoration, including everything from wigs and fake beards to ribbons, zippers, and artificial Christmas garland.

Dark blue patterned wallpaper behind a light blue, partially rolled up rug and rolled up green yoga mat.

Class 27: Floor Coverings

Class 27 mostly contains coverings for existing floors and walls. Carpets, rugs, and linoleum are part of class 27, as are bath mats, yoga mats, wallpaper, and artificial turf. Note that some floor materials, like wood and tile, belong to other classes.

Red and yellow striped ball behind stack of yellow, green, and blue blocks that say A B C.

Class 28: Toys & Sporting Goods

Class 28 primarily includes games, toys, and various sports equipment. Specific items in this class are video game controllers, paper party hats, fishing poles, basketballs, and board games. But just to keep you on your toes, Christmas tree decorations are in class 28, too.

Red milk carton with a cow face next to a roasted chicken, wedge of cheese, and blue fish.

Class 29: Meats & Processed Foods

Class 29 includes meat and fish, as well as processed fruits and vegetables. Other examples of food in this class include milk and milk substitutes, eggs, cheese, jam, processed nuts, frozen fruit, and cooking oil.

Blue bag of popcorn behind a mug of coffee, three coffee beans, and a stack of three frosted, sprinkled donuts.

Class 30: Staple Foods

Class 30 encompasses certain preserved and prepared food. Examples of food and drinks in class 30 include coffee, tea, cereal, pizza, sandwiches, pie, spices, rice, pasta, flour, bread, chocolate, ice cream, sugar, salt, vinegar, and ice.

A yellow chick next to an onion with roots and green shoots, three seeds, and a red packet that says SEEDS in yellow.

Class 31: Natural Agricultural Products

Class 31 includes agricultural products from both land and sea that are raw and unprocessed. Examples include fresh fruits and vegetables, bulbs and seeds for planting, and uncut timber. Class 31 also includes live animals and animal food.

Half an orange in front of an orange bottle that says JUICE LOW PULP, beside a green can on its side and a beer bottle with an image of a yellow hop.

Class 32: Light Beverages

Class 32 focuses on non-alcoholic drinks. Specific examples include sparkling and mineral water, juice, flavoring syrups, soda, and energy drinks. Note that even though it’s alcoholic, beer is included in class 32.

Bottle of red wine with grape label next to a tumbler with an ice cube and tan liquid, and martini glass filled with pale liquid and two green olives.

Class 33: Wines & Spirits

Class 33 is all about alcoholic beverages, though beer is excluded. Examples include wine, alcoholic cider, liquor, and bitters.

Box of eight cigars behind a lit blue lighter and a cigarette smoldering in an ash tray.

Class 34: Smokers’ Articles

Class 34 predominantly includes goods related to smoking, such as tobacco, cigarettes, cigars, and e-cigarettes. Related goods like lighters, ashtrays, pipes, and matches are included as well. Tobacco substitutes and herbs for smoking are in class 34, though only if they’re for non-medical use.

Classes 35-45: Services

Blue and yellow billboard that says WHEN YOU WANT MORE.

Class 35: Advertising & Business

Class 35 includes services centered around advertising and business management, organization, and operations. Marketing and public relations are included in class 35, as are promotional services, recruitment, bookkeeping, and retail stores.

Yellow and green credit cards fanned behind a blue card reader.

Class 36: Insurance & Financial

Class 36 includes financial, insurance, and real estate services. Specific examples include credit card processing, financial appraisals (such as for jewelry or real estate), property management, and crowdfunding.

Yellow hardhat next to an orange construction cone with white stripes.

Class 37: Building Construction & Repair

Class 37 services are focused primarily on construction, demolition, and restoration of buildings and infrastructure. Maintenance, repair, and restoration of furniture, art, and vehicles are included, as is the rental of construction tools/equipment. Laundry services are included in class 37 as well.

Broadcasting parabolic reflector behind corded phone with keypad and ID screen that says INCOMING CALL...

Class 38: Telecommunication

Class 38 includes communication, broadcast, and data transmission services. Examples include email, radio and TV broadcasting, phone and videoconferencing services, and online messaging.

Stack of brown boxes in front of a brown brick storage unit with a mostly raised rolling metal door.

Class 39: Transportation & Storage

Class 39 includes services related to transporting people, animals, and goods, as well as storage services. Examples include public transportation, car rentals, delivery services, electricity and water distribution, tourist agencies, and garage rentals.

Black trash bag behind blue recycling bin full of metal, glass, and paper goods.

Class 40: Treatment of Materials

Class 40 services include mechanical and chemical processing, as well as the transformation of objects and production of custom goods. Examples include trash and recycling services, water treatment, printing, fabric dyeing, welding, custom tailoring, and food/drink preservation.

A clapperboard, multicolored abstract art in a brown frame, and camera with zoom lens.

Class 41: Education & Entertainment

Class 41 focuses on services that are educational, entertaining, or recreational in nature. Museums, zoos, and art galleries are included in class 41, as are translation services, book publication, photography and film production, casinos, and gyms.

Laptop computer with green, blue, and yellow color swatches stuck to the screen.

Class 42: Computer & Scientific

Class 42 includes services in scientific, engineering, architectural, and computer programming fields. Certain types of design services are included in class 42, such as graphic arts and interior design.

Plated meat and salad behind a gold concierge bell and room key on a blue key chain with the number 1055.

Class 43: Hotels & Restaurants

Class 43 includes services rendered for food/drink consumption and temporary lodging. In addition to hotels and restaurants, class 43 includes animal boarding, retirement homes, nurseries (for children, not plants), food decorating, hookah lounges, and chair/table rentals.

Heart rate monitor with red electrogram next to a green pill bottle with first aid and blue stethoscope.

Class 44: Medical, Beauty, & Agricultural

Class 44 primarily includes medical and beauty services, but certain agricultural services are included as well. Examples include hospital services, dentistry, mental health services, animal breeding, tattooing and piercing, plant nurseries, landscape maintenance and design, and flower arranging.

Gold scales of justice on top of a stack of two books and a blue magnifying glass in the foreground.

Class 45: Personal & Legal

Class 45 includes certain personal and social services, as well as legal services. Examples include law firms, private investigation, surveillance related to safety and security, escort services, and wedding planning.

Trademark Classes FAQs

How do I know what trademark class to register in?

To determine which trademark class(es) to register your mark in, you need to figure out (with specificity!) what goods/services the mark promotes. Specificity is important, because even small changes to the description of a product can place it in a different class. To help narrow your search, the USPTO provides a Trademark ID Manual, a database that provides possible class matches when you enter key words.

What are coordinated trademark classes?

Coordinated trademark classes are classes that often overlap. The USPTO considers coordinated classes when determining if a likelihood of confusion exists between marks. For example, class 1 (chemicals) is commonly related to classes 5 (pharmaceuticals), 17 (rubber), 35 (advertising and business services), and 42 (computer, scientific, and legal services). A consumer could theoretically assume that goods in class 1 are sold by a business also selling services in class 42.

How much does it cost to register a trademark in different classes?

The cost to register a trademark depends on which application you use and how many classes you apply to register in. If you use the TEAS Plus application, your base cost with the USPTO will be $250. If you use the TEAS Standard application, your base cost will be $350. Both options include registration in one trademark class. Each additional class costs the same as the base application fee. So if you use the TEAS Plus application and register in two classes, you’ll pay $500 in USPTO fees.

Can I add trademark classes after my application is submitted?

No. In order to add classes after a trademark application has been filed, you have to submit a new application.

When You Want More