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Vermont LLC Service We’re Just Not Annoying®

How to Start an LLC in Vermont

To start an LLC in Vermont you must file Articles of Organization with the Vermont Corporations Division, pay a $125 filing fee, and get an EIN from the IRS. The complete steps to forming a Vermont LLC are as follows:

  1. File Vermont LLC Articles of Organization
  2. Pay the Vermont Secretary of State Corporations Division $125
  3. Wait to receive your approved Articles
  4. Get a Federal EIN tax ID for the LLC
  5. Create a Vermont LLC Operating Agreement
  6. Take these documents to the bank and get a Vermont LLC bank account
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Vermont LLC Articles of Organization free download. When you're done filling out the form, submit it to your state.

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Our free account and tools will walk you through starting and maintaining a Vermont LLC. All for free.

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How to File Vermont LLC Articles of Organization

To form a Vermont LLC, you file the LLC Articles of Organization in the following steps:
Step 1 Choose a name for your new LLC
Step 2 Choose a business description that reflects your business activities
Step 3 Decide what address you’d like to list publicly
Step 4 Decide if you want to hire a registered agent service to minimize public disclosures
Step 5 Choose whether members or managers will manage the LLC
Step 6 Decide when you’d like your LLC to start
Step 7 File online and pay $125 with a credit card (fastest) or mail two copies to the Vermont Secretary of State, Corporations Division, 128 State St, Montpelier VT 05633-1104 with a check or money order for $125

How Long Does it Take to Start a Vermont LLC?

1

Fastest and Simplest 1 day

File online yourself and receive your approved Articles within one business day.

1

Almost Fastest (and some might say better) 1 day

Hire Northwest and let us file your Articles online for you. Just answer a few brief questions about your business, sit back and let our Corporate Guides file everything correctly the first time.

7-10

Archaic 7-10 days

Mail two copies of your Articles to the Corporations Division and wait for someone to manually enter all of your data in the system and eventually process your filing. Maybe take off for a few days and do some lake fishing. Or hike a section of the Long Trail.

What is the Cost of a Vermont LLC?

The Vermont Corporations Division charges a $125 fee to file Articles of Organization. Hire Northwest and your total, out-the-door cost is $350, including state fees.

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How much does an LLC in Vermont cost each year?

There’s a $35 fee to file the mandatory Vermont LLC Annual Report.

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What are the Vermont LLC taxes?

The Vermont personal net income tax rates are:

3.55%: $0 to $37,949
6.80%: $37,950 to $91,899
7.80%: $91,900 to $191,649
8.80%: $191,650 to $416,699
8.95%: $416,700 +

The state sales tax rate is 6%, and cities can add on up to 1% more, making the highest possible sales tax rate total 7%.

Vermont also has a Business Entity Tax, an income tax that affects most LLCs. If your LLC is taxed as a partnership or S corporation, you have to file. There’s a minimum tax of $250.

Property taxes in Vermont are pretty high—at an average of 1.78%, property taxes are the eighth highest in the country. High property taxes, however, doesn’t mean that investment properties are off the table, particularly with the high rate of seasonal tourism (thank you leaf peepers). Considering investing in Vermont real estate? Your accountant will likely suggest setting up an LLC. An LLC limits your liability and can help you maintain your privacy by keeping your name out of public records. At Northwest, we can form your Vermont LLC for just $350.

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Is a Vermont LLC Registered Agent Required?

Your Vermont LLC is required to have a Vermont registered agent. You could always appoint yourself as your LLC’s registered agent, but this job is more involved than it appears and can seriously affect both your privacy and your freedom to run your business how you please. Registered agents have to list the address where they’ll be regularly available in their Articles of Organization. Your Articles and other business entity filings are public documents, so any information you list becomes a hot commodity for data sellers and solicitors. At best, you’ll end up with a mailbox full of junk. Registered agents also have to be available at the address listed during business hours. When you’re stuck in the office, it becomes a whole lot harder to attend meetings, run errands and just run your business in general.

A better option? Consider hiring a commercial registered agent like Northwest. When you sign up for our services, you can use our address and information throughout your Articles of Organization. No need to worry about junk mail or unwanted visitors on your doorstep. We’ll also accept, scan and send you any service of process the same day, so you can stay on top of your business, wherever you are.

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Vermont LLC Versus Vermont Corporation:

The filing fee to form a Vermont LLC or corporation is the same: $125. Maintaining an LLC is slightly cheaper—the Annual Report is only $35 versus a corporation’s $45. Tax obligations are pretty similar as well. Unless you’re a single-member LLC taxed as a disregarded entity, you’ll have to pay some kind of entity-level tax on income: either the Business Entity Tax or a corporate income tax.

Because the Vermont LLC and corporation are so similar, that likely tips the hand in favor of the Vermont LLC. LLCs tend to be much easier to operate. There’s no need for directors, officers, or even managers—members can do all the decision-making themselves. Corporations have their own advantages as well and are common choices for larger businesses. Thinking about a corporation in the Green Mountain State? Here’s more information on Vermont incorporation.

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Do I Need a Tax ID Number (EIN) for a Vermont LLC?

Most likely—on the federal level, you’re required to get an EIN if you plan to hire employees, be taxed as S corporation, or file certain federal excise returns. On the state and local levels, there’s also plenty of reasons you might need an EIN. Just about every bank requires your EIN to open a business account. If you want to register for Vermont’s myVTax tax payment portal, you’ll need an EIN. If you want to establish credit with a vendor, you’ll be asked for your EIN again. For some of these situations, you could use your personal social security number instead, but that just puts your private data at risk. Getting an EIN is fairly simple and free from the IRS. Or, make it even easier and skip this application entirely—hire Northwest to get your EIN for you when sign up for our services.

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Does a Vermont LLC Need a Business License?

Vermont doesn’t have a general, statewide business license, but cities and counties may have their own requirements for business licenses. For example, all businesses in Brattleboro must obtain a business license ($50) and renew it each year.

What is a Vermont LLC Annual Report?

Your Vermont LLC Annual Report is a form you file each year to update the state on your ownership and contact information. The $35 fee and report are due within the three month window after the end of your fiscal year (by March 31st for most businesses). The odd due date is tough to remember, but if you forget to file, you’ll lose your good standing. Fail to file for three months, and your LLC will be dissolved. Not to worry, Northwest has your back. When you sign up for our services, we send you reminder notifications for your reports. Want one less item on your “to do” list? Hire Northwest to file your Annual Reports for you each year.

Does a Vermont LLC Need an Operating Agreement

A lot of people get tripped up by the fact that operating agreements aren’t required by the state or by any Vermont statute or regulation. They make the assumption that operating agreements aren’t necessary or important. Nothing could be further from the truth.

Your Vermont LLC’s public and private documents serve entirely different purposes. Your mandatory public documents—like your Articles or Annual Reports—give the state your most basic information like your name and registered agent, so the state can keep tabs on you. Private documents—like your operating agreement—set the terms of your business. They put in writing who owns the business. Who invested what. How profits and losses are allocated. What happens if there’s a dispute. What happens if the business goes belly up. Essentially, all of the absolute most important information about how your business functions is spelled out in your operating agreement. And while it’s a private, internal document, the people and businesses you work with will want to see it: members, managers, lenders, investors, and partners. Even just to open a bank account, you’ll most likely need your operating agreement.

You should spend some time developing your operating agreement, making sure you include everything you need (and thoroughly understand the potential effects of the decisions you make). To help you start off on the right foot, we give you a free operating agreement, specific to your management style, when you hire Northwest to form your Vermont LLC. We give you other free private documents as well, like resolutions and membership certificates. We know how important these internal documents are, which is why we’ve spent years refining and improving our free forms. We’re proud to say that over 1 million LLCs have used our free LLC forms to help form and maintain their businesses.

 

 

Vermont LLC Articles of Organization Requirements:

Company Name

Your name must end with “Limited Liability Company,” “Limited Company” or an abbreviation. Tip: Most businesses keep it short and sweet with “LLC.”

Vermont LLC Type

You have to choose what kind of LLC you’re creating: a regular LLC, a professional LLC or a low-profit LLC. A professional LLC offers the services of licensed professionals (think doctors and lawyers). A low-profit LLC can make some money but is similar to a non-profit. Low-profit LLCs are organized for an educational or charitable purpose—not for “income production.” Tip: Most LLCs are just regular LLCs (not professional or low-profit LLCs).

Fiscal Year End

Skip this section if you follow a typical calendar year. If your fiscal year ends in a month other than December, list that month in your Articles. Tip: Most LLCs skip this section.

NAICS Code

A huge list of possible business activities were translated into these 6-digit codes to make statistics easier for government agencies. Online, just choose the code from the drop down menus that best matches your primary business activity. Filing with a paper form? Go to the NAICS website to browse codes. It’s okay if your code’s not a 100% perfect match.

Business Email

This is optional on the paper form, so most businesses skip it. Online, you have to put an email so the state can send you your approved Articles. Don’t want to list your email on this public document? At Northwest, we allow our clients to use our email address.

Initial Designated Office

This is the official street address of your Vermont LLC. Hire us as your registered agent and you can use our Vermont address as your initial designated office address.

Registered Agent

The registered agent can either be a business (but not your own) or an individual Vermont resident. The registered address must be a physical address and will be a permanent public record for your Vermont LLC. Tip: We recommend Northwest Registered Agent for expert registered agent service.

LLC Management

Select whether or not your LLC has members at the time of filing and if members or managers will run the company. Most LLCs are member-managed, so members make all the decisions. If you don’t run the day-to-day operations, you can turn over decision-making powers to managers (just note that once you turn over this power, you have no right as the member to make decisions for the LLC; your only right is to remove the manager and vote on who the next manager should be). You can also include the names and addresses of initial members or managers, but it’s optional so most businesses skip this section.

Effective Date

Skip this section and your Vermont LLC will begin upon filing. Prefer to push out your start date (maybe the next tax period is right around the corner)? You can list an effective date up to 90 days in the future.

Vermont LLC Organizer

This is just the person filing the LLC and has no real significance. Organizers don’t have to be members or managers, but they do have to include their name, address, and signature. We’ll be your organizer when you hire Northwest.

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