How to Start a Business in Wyoming
Want to know how to start a business in Wyoming? Look no further. This guide will give you all the ins and outs on forming your LLC or corporation in the Cowboy State. Between having no corporate income tax and no minimum capitalization, Wyoming is an enticing state for business owners. Plus, Wyoming corporations have the option to issue an unlimited number of stock—great for anyone looking for multiple investors. If you’re looking to start a business in Wyoming, keep reading—we’ll tell you everything you need to know to form a business in Wyoming and protect your personal assets.
Ready to Start a Business in Wyoming?Let's Get You Started
Pick a Business Structure
Name Your Business
File Formation Paperwork
Draft Internal Records
Get Wyoming Business Licenses
Organize Your Money
Get Business Insurance
Understand Your Tax Burden
Build Your Business Website
File Wyoming Annual Report
Apply for Trademarks
1. Pick a Business Structure
Choosing the right structure for your business is the first big decision you have to make. Though it might seem overwhelming at first, let’s break down the different business structures and why you might choose them.
Sole proprietorships and general partnerships require no formal paperwork to be submitted with the Secretary of State. It really is as easy as just selling something. So why wouldn’t people always choose these “low maintenance” businesses? Well, sole proprietorships and general partnerships have no liability protection—meaning that the business and the owner are not separate legal entities, and the business’s debts are also the owner’s debts.
Many business owners choose to form as an LLC or corporation for the financial and safety benefits of liability protection. Let’s go over the differences between an LLC and a corporation.
Wyoming Limited Liability Company (LLC)
Wyoming LLCs are a popular business entity choice. Not only do they have liability protection, meaning that the business is a separate legal entity from you, but they offer a ton of flexibility in both management and taxation.
Management-wise, LLCs offer flexibility by allowing pretty much anyone to be in charge. You can run the business yourself, appoint someone from within the business, or hire an outside manager to be in charge. There’s no formal board to approve this like with a corporation.
Additionally, LLCs have flexible taxation. LLCs are pass-through entities by default—this means that the business doesn’t pay entity-level taxes, and instead the profits are taxed when they are distributed to the members. However, an LLC can choose to be taxed as a C-Corp or an S-Corp instead.
Wyoming LLCs are a popular choice, especially for small business owners. To start a Wyoming LLC, file your Articles of Organization with the Secretary of State.
What about Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO) LLCs?
Wyoming and Tennessee are currently the only states that currently allow you to form a Decentralized Autonomous Organizations (DAO) LLC—meaning that DAOs cannot have liability protection in other states.
A DAO LLC is, essentially, a business ran with and by technology that has a flat organization (rather than hierarchical organization like a traditional company). The DAO is hosted on a blockchain and everyone involved has equal voting rights. Since a DAO uses machine algorithms to make decisions, human input is limited or sometimes nonexistent after the initial formation. (This is also called a smart contract, or an automated transaction.) This means that, as the name implies, the DAO LLC is a limited liability company that is decentralized and autonomous.
You can form a DAO LLC the same way you would a “regular” LLC—you simply must include the words “DAO” or “LAO” in the business name and mark on your LLC application that the business will be a DAO LLC.
Learn more about DAO LLCs.
While corporations lack the flexibility of LLCs, they still have liability protection. Plus, corporations have the added benefit of investor interest. Because corporations have a more structured management system and taxation, donors and investors are often more willing to financially support corporations. Wyoming corporations are a great choice for owners looking to grow their business quickly. To start a Wyoming corporation, file your Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State.
Can an LLC be just one person?
Yes! A one-person LLC is called a single-member LLC. Single-member LLCs are one of the most common kinds of businesses in the country. For the most part, single-member LLCs are just like multi-member LLCs, but there are some slight differences in how they file taxes and protect personal assets.
Read all about Single-Member LLCs.
What about a Wyoming nonprofit?
To start a Wyoming nonprofit, you’ll submit Articles of Incorporation (Nonprofit Corporation) to the Secretary of State. The main difference in forming a nonprofit corporation versus a for profit corporation is that your nonprofit must exist for the express purpose of bettering a community, supporting a specific cause, or helping a particular group of people.
Want to learn more? Check out our Nonprofit Guide.
2. Name Your Business
The process for naming your business in Wyoming is simple—come up with a name, make sure it fits with all the legal requirements for business names in Wyoming, and submit your name on your business’s formation documents.
(Keep in mind that even if you already have a name in mind, the business name must follow the state requirements.)
According to Wyoming business statutes, your business name must:
- Include a designation, such as “LLC”, “limited”, or “company” for an LLC and “corporation”, “corp”, or “Inc.” for a corporation
- Not use words that describe other professional businesses (for example, you can’t use the words “insurance” and “charity” if you do not, in fact, have an insurance company or charity)
- Be an entirely unique—meaning it can’t be identical or similar to an existing business
Search the Wyoming Secretary of State website to see if your business name is available.
Can I reserve a business name in Wyoming?
Yes, you can reserve your desired business name in Wyoming. To reserve an LLC name or to reserve a corporation name, you simply have to fill out the reservation form and submit it to the Secretary of State along with the $60 filing fee. You can only officially claim your business name by filing your formation documents, but the reservation keeps the name available for you for 120 days while you get ready.
What is a trade name?
A trade name, also called a Doing Business As (DBA) name, is any name your business uses other than its legal name. For a sole proprietorship, your legal business name is your first and last name. For an LLC or corporation, it’s the business name on your formation documents. In order to use any other name, you will need to file an Application for Registration of a Trade Name. This costs $100 and takes, on average, two weeks to be approved.
What about trademarked names?
It’s a good idea to check with the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) to make sure your business name hasn’t been trademarked by someone else. If it has, and you use it anyway, there’s a chance that the business could come after you for infringement.
3. File Formation Paperwork
To start an LLC or corporation in Wyoming, you need to file formation paperwork. Your formation paperwork is submitted to the Wyoming Secretary of State. If you are a sole proprietor or general partnership, you won’t need to file paperwork with the state.
- To form a Wyoming LLC, file Wyoming Articles of Organization.
- To start a Wyoming corporation, file Wyoming Articles of Incorporation.
For both LLCs and corporations, your formation paperwork costs $100 to file and requires you to list out your business’s name, principal address, and registered agent. You can apply on the Wyoming Secretary of State website or via the paper form.
What is a registered agent?
A registered agent is a person or business that accepts legal mail on your business’s behalf. The business must be in good standing, available during regular business hours, and able to quickly inform you of a service of process. Your registered agent must also have a physical location in the state of Wyoming. While an individual can be your business’s registered agent, most business owners choose a registered agent service like Northwest.
How can I keep my information off the public record?
Wyoming does not require owners or managers to list their information on the formation paperwork. This means that if you hire a registered agent service such as Northwest to form your business and act as your Wyoming registered agent, we will list our information (instead of yours) on the public record. This keeps your information entirely private.
4. Draft Internal Records
So far in this guide, we’ve dealt with public forms that you’ve had to file with the Wyoming Secretary of State. Now, it’s time to organize your internal records. These are the documents your business will keep on record within your company.
Though these documents are internal, you’ll likely need to show them to third parties like the bank or—if you start a nonprofit—the IRS.
Here are the major internal documents you need to organize for LLCs and corporations:
Wyoming LLC Operating Agreement
This is your LLC’s rule book. It defines how your LLC will do things like make decisions, distribute money, manage operations, and appoint officers. Your operating agreement plans for every big picture scenario your LLC is likely (or unlikely) to face, including dissolution.
Drafting an operating agreement is hard, and the internet is full of shabby templates that have been copy and pasted from who knows where. So we had our attorneys draft a Wyoming LLC Operating Agreement template that you can use as a solid foundation.
Wyoming Corporate Bylaws
Bylaws are the rules your corporation will adopt and follow internally. Bylaws detail how your corporation will appoint directors and officers, hold shareholder and board meetings, and handle emergencies, among other things. Unlike operating agreements, corporate bylaws are required by law in Wyoming.
As with operating agreements, you can find plenty of bylaws templates online. But bylaws are pretty serious, so you don’t want to just use the first template you come across. Our attorneys drafted a Wyoming Corporate Bylaws template you can use to get started.
Starting a nonprofit? We also have Wyoming nonprofit bylaws.
5. Get Wyoming Business Licenses
You need to get your Wyoming business licenses all squared away before you start your business. This means understanding your state, professional, and local business license requirements, submitting your applications, and receiving approval from the appropriate agencies. Not sure where to get started? Let’s go over how to get your Wyoming business licenses.
Wyoming State Business License
In Wyoming, all businesses are required to have the Sales and Use Tax License. This license gives businesses permission to sell products, goods, and services. You must submit your Sales/Use Tax License Application and receive approval from the Wyoming Department of Revenue prior to accepting sales at your business.
For all other business licenses, check your profession’s requirements and your local area’s mandatory licenses.
Professional Business Licenses
Professional business licenses are required for any business that offers “professional” services. These include professions like law, medicine, accounting, and architecture. You can search on the Wyoming Department of Administration & Information’s website for individual professional boards to see which licenses you might need.
Local Business Licenses
Every city in Wyoming has different requirements for a business to operate in its city limits. Even with your state Sale and Use Tax License and your professional licenses, you might still need to get local business licenses. For example, in the city of Cheyenne, you’ll need a license to own a barber shop. However, the city of Casper doesn’t require a license for barber shops.
Learn more about How to Get a Business License.
How do I get a Wyoming Sales and Use Tax license?
How much does it cost to get a Wyoming state business license?
The Sales/Use Tax License is $60. All other business licenses are specific to your location and profession, and will vary in cost.
How do I get a professional license in Wyoming?
To get a professional license in Wyoming, you will need to apply through the board that regulates your profession. All businesses that offer professional services, such as a doctor’s office or architecture firm, will need to have a valid professional license. The Wyoming Department of Workforce Services offers a licensed occupation dashboard to help you get started.
How do I get a local business license?
Regardless of how big your city is, you’ll want to check with your local business department to see which business licenses you’ll need. While the requirements for how to apply and how long to wait to get your business license might change city to city, the general process looks the same: find the relevant applications, fill out your information, pay the associated fees, and wait patiently for the paperwork to be filed by the local government.
6. Organize Your Money
The liability protection you get from forming an LLC or corporation is only as strong as the separation between you and your business. At a minimum, you’ll need to open a bank account for your business. And if you’re going to hire employees, you’ll need to tackle payroll, too.
Open a Business Bank Account
To keep your business spending separate from your personal spending, you’ll need to open a business bank account. If you don’t, a court could find that your business is not actually separate from you, the owner, under the Alter Ego Doctrine. Also known as piercing the corporate veil, this is the outcome when a judge finds that a company is not a separate entity but rather an alter ego of the owner. If this ever happens, you could lose your limited liability status.
Opening a business bank account as a sole proprietor is important, too. Though sole proprietors and general partnerships have no limited liability status to protect, both will benefit from organizing their business finances come tax season.
How do you set up a business bank account?
Do I need a business bank account to accept credit card payments?
Probably. Payment processors require you to provide them with a bank account. This is where they’ll deposit funds from transactions. Most of the time, this needs to be a business bank account.
Some payment processors may let you get away with listing a personal bank account, but it’s not a great idea. Mixing your business finances with your personal finances erodes the separation between you and your business, weakening your liability protection. It also turns tax season into a nightmare.
Learn more about Payment Processing.
Set up Payroll
Setting up your business’s payroll might seem like an overwhelming task, but we’re here to make it as easy as possible. Plus, Wyoming has no personal income or corporate income tax—making the process of setting up payroll pretty straightforward.
To start paying your employees, you need to:
- get a federal employer identification number (FEIN)
- register with the WYUI to get your State Unemployment Tax rate
- prepare the forms your employees will fill out
- choose a payroll system or software
- decide on a payroll schedule
- hire your employees
Tip: Though you can choose to do payroll yourself, most businesses choose a payroll software to automate the process.
What forms do my employees need to fill out?
Your new employees will need to fill out a W-4 to determine how much you’ll withhold and an I-9 to verify that the employee is eligible to work in the US.
What’s the difference between an independent contractor and an employee?
It’s important to understand the difference between an independent contractor and an employee. That’s because for employees, you’ll need to withhold and pay income, social security, and Medicare taxes. Independent contractors pay these taxes on their own.
An independent contractor is self-employed—how they complete their work is not directly controlled by an employer. An independent contractor may perform the same kind of work for other businesses, and can do the work when and how they choose.
An employee, on the other hand, performs their work how and when their employer chooses.
If you’re unsure, you can file Form SS-8 with the IRS and let them decide.
Learn everything you need to know about hiring independent contractors.
How do I register for Wyoming Unemployment Tax?
The Wyoming Unemployment Tax is a requirement for all businesses in the state. To submit your business’s forms, you fill out a profile on the WYUI website portal. This will register you as a new business with the DWS. After you complete your online profile, you’ll fill out your unemployment registration and your workers’ compensation registration, as the DWS deals with both.
Keep in mind that if you do not fill out this information, you will still be required to pay the Unemployment Tax. You will be given an automatic 8.5% tax out of the current overall range of 0.48% to 9.78% instead of an industry-specific rate.
The WYUI online portal is where you will go to submit your quarterly reports by their due date.
7. Get Business Insurance
Forming an LLC or corporation protects your personal assets. But if anything disastrous befalls your business—like a lawsuit, burglary, flood, or fire—your business is on the hook to pay. Business insurance can help cover the costs.
Exactly which business insurance policies depend on a few things, such as your business entity, industry, and size. Here’s a breakdown of the most commonly purchased business insurance:
Workers’ Compensation Insurance
The state of Wyoming requires workers’ compensation insurance from nearly all Wyoming employers. Workers’ comp covers things like medical bills, temporary disability, lost wages, and death benefits for employees injured or killed on the job.
Every business, regardless of exemption status, will need to register with the Division of Workers’ Compensation and Unemployment Insurance in order to have their coverage determined by the state.
Generally speaking, casual laborers, private household employees, and volunteers are not required to have workers’ compensation coverage. The Workers’ Compensation Act WS. §§ 27-14-101 outlines the specifics for coverage requirements.
Unlike other states, there is no self-insured option for business owners in Wyoming. All employers must purchase coverage from the Wyoming Workers’ Compensation Program or from a state-chosen third party insurer if your business does not qualify for the state program.
This covers the costs of claims against your business for injuries or damages to the property of others, like clients or customers. This includes medical expenses, legal fees, settlements, and judgments. Whether or not you need it depends on whether your business is likely to be sued and how many assets your business needs to protect. If it’s just you and your computer in your basement, you might feel comfortable skipping liability insurance. Or maybe you won’t. Beyond general liability insurance, you can purchase or add on more specific types, like professional, cyber, commercial, home-based business, or product liability insurance.
Do business owners need workers’ compensation insurance in Wyoming?
Not necessarily. Sole proprietorships, partners, LLC members, and corporate officers do not need to have workers’ compensation coverage for themselves. However, you might choose to purchase coverage anyway. Personal health insurance providers might decline any work-related injury, so having workers’ compensation coverage could keep you from having to pay out-of-pocket for any work-related injuries.
Do I need business insurance for my home-based business?
Probably. That’s because you can’t count on your homeowners’ or renters’ insurance policy to cover damages related to your business. Most insurance companies offer a home-based business insurance plan.
8. Understand Your Tax Burden
Wyoming business taxes are made a bit easier by the complete lack of corporate and personal income tax. Woo! Still, there are taxes to be paid. Let’s go over the federal, state, and local business taxes you’ll need to pay in Wyoming.
- LLCs. Single-member LLC? By default, you’re taxed similar to a sole proprietor. More than one LLC owner? You’re taxed as a general partnership. Either way, your default tax status is “pass-through,” which means you don’t pay corporate taxes. Instead, your LLC’s owners report profits and losses on their personal tax returns. Good news: because there’s no state income tax in Wyoming, you’ll only have to pay the 15.3% federal self-employment tax rate. An LLC can file paperwork with the IRS to be taxed as an S-Corp or C-Corp instead.
- Corporations. Corporations are taxed as C-Corps by default. This means that corporations pay the 21% federal corporate tax rate.
To pay your federal taxes (and take a good deal of other steps required to start a business), you’ll need to get an Employer Identification Number (EIN). You can apply for one with the IRS or hire us to get one for you.
Do I need an EIN if I’m self-employed?
If you’re operating a sole proprietorship or single-member LLC that doesn’t employ anyone else and you don’t need to file excise or pension plan returns, you don’t legally need an EIN.
However, you can still get one—and you probably should. Otherwise, you’ll have to use your own social security number to do business. Plus, you’ll likely need an EIN to open a business bank account.
How do I get an EIN?
To get an EIN, you can either apply online or file form SS-4 by mail with the IRS. Getting an EIN is free.
Check out our guide to applying for an EIN.
What is an S-Corp?
An S-Corporation is a federal tax election. Registered business entities like LLCs and corporations start out with a default tax status, but can file paperwork with the IRS to be taxed as an S-Corp. Like LLCs, S-Corps are taxed as pass-through entities. Like corporations, S-Corps can make distributions that aren’t subject to the 15.3% self-employment tax.
Learn more about the S-Corp tax election.
What is a C-Corp?
A C-corporation is the default federal tax election assigned to corporations. Most corporations are taxed as C-Corps, but LLCs can also apply for C-Corp tax designation by filing paperwork with the IRS. C-corps file federal corporate income taxes and state corporate income taxes. C-corps can pay their shareholders in distributions, and the shareholders report those profits on their personal tax returns.
Learn more about the C-Corp tax election.
Wyoming State Business Taxes
Wyoming does have a 4% sales tax and a 9.5% (on average) property tax. Importantly, Wyoming has an annual business fee attached to all in-state assets, which might seem like a tax. This is either $60 or $0.0002 for every dollar of your Wyoming assets, whichever is greater.
Local Wyoming Business Taxes
Wyoming has a local sales tax on top of the state sales tax that varies city-to-city and county-to-county. For example, in Cheyenne, the city assesses a 2% sales tax in addition to the 4% from the state. So, in total, you’ll pay 6% in sales tax.
9. Build Your Business Website
If you want the good people of Wyoming to find your business, they have to be able to find you online. This means you’ll need a website, a business email account, and social media accounts. Don’t worry if you’re not especially tech-savvy—you don’t have to be a web developer or an influencer to establish a robust online presence. You’ll just need the following:
- Domain name. Your domain is the address where your website will live. You’ll want a domain name that is short, unique, local, and—most importantly—available. If your domain is trademarked, you could face legal trouble.
- Domain registrar. Once you’ve decided on a domain name, you’ll want to register it with a domain registrar. Some domains are more expensive than others. Some domain registrars also offer hosting and most will provide you with a business email that includes your domain name (“firstname.lastname@example.org”).
- SSL certificate. An SSL certificate signals to your users that your website is secure. If your website will use forms—like a sign-up form or a “contact us” form—an SSL certificate is critical. But even if you don’t you use forms, you’ll still probably want one—it allows an encrypted connection, which means your users’ data is transported securely. There are several types of SSL certificates, and you can often get one through your domain registrar.
- Site design. The easiest option is to use a free website creation tool—there are a number of free options available. Most are easy even for a newcomer to use, with styles and built in templates. For a more custom design, you can hire a web designer to work on your website, but this will be much more expensive.
10. File a Wyoming Annual Report
All Wyoming LLCs and corporations must submit an annual report. This is due on the first day of their anniversary month of formation—so if you started your business on October 26th, 2020, you’ll need to submit your annual report by October 1st each year.
Your filing fee (also called the Wyoming business license tax) is determined by your total assets within the state. You will pay either $60 or $0.0002 for every dollar of your in-state assets, whichever is greater. You can submit your annual report on the Wyoming Secretary of State online portal or via paper form in the mail. If you submit online, you will need to pay a convenience fee.
Learn more about filing a Wyoming Annual Report.
What if I don’t file an annual report in Wyoming?
The good news? There’s no late fee for filing your Wyoming annual report late. The bad news, though, is that if you do not file your annual report within sixty days of your due date, Wyoming will dissolve your business.
11. Apply for Trademarks
A trademark is a design, symbol, word, phrase—or any combination thereof—that represents a brand’s goods or services exclusively. Only some businesses register trademarks.
You can apply to register your trademark with the State of Wyoming or federally with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Registering your trademark in Wyoming is cheaper and easier than registering with the USPTO, but doing so only protects your trademark in Wyoming.
You can only register a trademark once you’ve started using it (so slap it on that website you just made), and not all applications are approved. Trademark law is complex, and the strength of a trademark application (and the trademark itself) depends on many factors.
Our attorneys can review your application, offer advice, and prepare and submit the application for you—Check out our Trademark Service.
How do I register for a trademark in Wyoming?
To protect your trademark in the state of Wyoming, you’ll need to fill out an Application of Trademark Registration with the WY Secretary of State. This application is pretty straightforward—include your business information, a facsimile of the mark as it is used, and the $25 filing fee, and wait to hear back from the Secretary of State.
Note: Check the Wyoming Trademark Search to make sure the mark you hope to use hasn’t already been claimed.
Can I register a trademark before I use it?
No. But you can file an application with the USPTO under Intent-to-Use status. This gets your application in line before you’ve actually used the mark, which could be helpful if you’re worried someone else might register your mark before you’ve had a chance to use it.
For your trademark to become official, you’ll eventually need to show proof that you’re using it. An Intent-to-Use application buys you some time to do that.
Learn more about filing an Intent-to-Use Trademark.